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台師大英語系客座教授陶紅印教授講座:Anyway You Slice It, "under the Influence" Is No "Quality Time": Pragmatic Correlates of Diverse Types of Formulaic Expressions

演講與活動
張貼人:葛婷公告日期:2017-05-19

*講題:Anyway You Slice It, "under the Influence" Is No "Quality Time": Pragmatic Correlates of Diverse Types of Formulaic Expressions
*時間:106年5月24日星期三下午2點至4點
*地點:
文學院16教室
*主講人:陶紅印 美國洛杉磯加州大學亞洲語言文化系教授
/ 國立台灣師範大學英語系講座教授
*主辦單位:翻譯碩士學位學程、語言所合辦

*摘要:
Formulaic language’ as a cover term is typically used to refer to “multi-word collocations” which are stored and retrieved holistically and with conventionalized forms and meanings. This study, using English and Chinese corpora as data, explores the nature of formulaic language by systematically examining its composition patterns. My focus is particularly on the notion of multi-word-ness. Multi-word formulaic expressions (or prefabs) in English often include such expressions as ‘cut corners’, ‘at the end of the day’, and so forth.  Another type of formulaic expression involves phonological reduction plus some type of morphosyntactic fusion, with examples such as (I) dunno '(I) don’t know’ when used as an epistemic stance marker (Bybee and Scheibmann 1999) and shoulda, coulda, woulda for “should have”, “could have”, and  “would have”, respectively. An even more radical type of formulaic expression, I am proposing, is manifested as total elimination of collocating components. In expressions such as ‘under the influence’, where the collocates of the head noun are eliminated from the formulaic expression, key elements such as the head noun are unqualified, yet the overall meaning is clear, perhaps as a result of repeated use of the full constellation. 

 

If all three of the above structural patterns, though this is by no means an exhaustive list, can be recognized as manifestations of formulaic language as broadly conceived, a question arises as to why different types of formulaic expressions undergo diverse types of linguistic makeovers in attaining the formulaic status. In this paper I will explore the form and meaning paring in the diverse types of formulaic expressions in both English and Chinese and discuss some of the questions that these pairing patterns may raise with regard to the nature of formulaic language and language in general. I will suggest that a proper understanding of diverse types of formulaic expressions is needed in order to arrive at a better understanding of the processes and principles in the dynamic organization of language.




最後修改時間:2017-05-19 PM 6:20

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